Q 12. Write the names
j)              Railway Minister :
k)            Chairman Rly Board:
l)              C.R.S :
m)          General Manager :
n)             DRM/SC :

Q 13. Write a letter to your friend abut your visit to a tourist place (Candidates has to write the letters on their own according to the question asked.) 
Q 14. Write a letter to your father about your job (Candidates has to write the letters on their own according to the question asked.)

Q 15. Write a letter to your friend about your experience of a long journey by train.(Candidates has to write the letters on their own according to the question asked.)

11.                  Differentiate between

a)                           General rule & Subsidiary Rule
b)                           Facing points & Trailing points
c)                           Slip siding & catch siding.

d)                           SLB & BSLB


General Rule
Subsidiary Rule
These rules are framed by Railway Board
These rules are issued by the COM (

authorized officer)
These  are  framed  under  section  198  of  the
These rules are issued on the authority

Indian Railway Act 1989 and have received the
of  G.R.  1.0-2  (5)  by  GM  under  the

sanction of the Govt of India
provision of General Rules.
These are applicable to all zonal railways
These are applicable to particular zonal

railway only.
GRs can be revised or amended by railway
SRs  can  be  amended  by  Authorized

GRs are printed in bold letters.
SRs are printed in small letters.
They are numbered in such a way that the first
These are given under GR with same

digit  indicates  number  of  chapter  and  other
number prefixed by SR.

digits indicate number of rule.

Facing point
Trailing point.
Point  are  said  to  be  facing  when  by  their
Trailing  point  cannot  divert  the  train

operation  a  train  approaching  them  can  be

directly diverted from the line upon which it is


Facilitates diverging movements.
Facilitates converging movements.
Locking   is   essential   before   permitting   a
Locking is not essential ( except motor

movement over them
operated points)
Speed over the facing point depends on the
Speed   over   trailing   points   is   not

mode of interlocking
Trains passes from toe end
Trains passes from heel end.
Slip siding

Catch Siding.
Protects the block section.
Protects station section.
It  is  provided  where  falling  gradient  towards
IT  is  provided  where  falling  gradient

block section is steeper than 1 in 100
towards  station  (  section  )  is  steeper

than 1 in 80
IT prevents vehicles at station escaping on to
It catches vehicles from adjacent station

the main line.
or block section.
IT is a short siding.
IT is a lengthy siding.
When points are spring loaded sign board ‘A”
When pints are spring loaded two sign

is provided clear  of fouling mark
boards.  One ( A) clear of fouling mark

and  another  (B)  at  a  distance  of  732

mtrs in advance of points.
1.    Normal setting points is for slip/Catch siding.
2.    Both sidings shall to be used for shunting or stabling purpose
3.   Interlocking with block instrument is compulsory.

It is provided on single line
It is provided on double.
It is provided both in TAS and MAS
It is provided on MAS only.
SLB/A starter shall be provided where obstruction
IT shall be provided where outermost points

is permitted in face of approaching train beyond
are trailing or where there are no points.

Home in TAS and beyond outermost facing points

in MAS.

IT shall be placed at a distance of 400 m in TAS
It shall be placed  at a distance of 180 m In

and 180 m in MAS from FSS.
advance of the Home signal
This board bears the words Shunting limit.
This  board  bears  the  words  Block  section



I)             GRIEVOUS HURT
II)            SABOTAGE

V)           COLLISION

 ANS - 
Grievous Hurt:

 Grievous Hurt as defined in section 320 of the Indian Penal Code Includes.

a.      Emasculation.
b.      Permanent privation of the sight of either eye.

Permanent privation of the hearing of either ear.
d.      Privation of any member or joint.
e.      Destruction or permanent impairing of the powers of any member or joint.

Fracture or dislocation of a bone or tooth
g.      Permanent

Any hurt which endangers life or which causes the sufferer to be, during the span of twenty days, in severe bodily paint or unable to follow his ordinary pursuits.

2.     Sabotage: Means the criminal interference with any part of the working machinery of a railway with the object of rendering it inoperative or any act intended to cause damage to railway property other than train wrecking or attempted' train wrecking.

3.      Train Wrecking: Means the willful obstruction of or tampering with the permanent way, works or rolling stock, resulting in an accident to a train with or without loss of life or damage .
                4. Engine failure and time failure:

a)     An engine is considered to have failed when it is unable to work its booked train from start to destination. Reduction of the load for a part of the journey would constitute an engine failure, provided this is due to a mechanical defect on the engine or mismanagement on the part of the engine crew.

Note: In the even of an engine failure, the Driver shall give written advice of it  to the Guard. The Guard will advise the Station Master who will issue the necessary" All concerned" message.

b)     When an engine causes a net delay of one hour or more throughout the entire run owing to some mechanical defect or mismanagement on the part of the engine crew, it would constitute a time failure. Train stalling due to engine trouble or mismanagement by the engine crew necessitating working of the train in two portion would constitute a time failure provided the net loss of time on the entire journey exceeds an hour.


Collision are one of type of the accident in which two trains vehicles /wagons/self profiled vehicles collide each other either in the same direction are opposite direction and also includes side collision. 

The collision is the most dreaded of all railway accidents as it is likely to result in grave consequences. In fact, the causalities have been heavy in case of collisions as compared with other consequential accidents. Such accidents are, therefore, viewed seriously collisions may be of the following types.

  Head -on collision, i.e. one train ramming into the other from the rear. 
·        Side -collision due to a train moving on a partially blocked line fouled by a train or vehicle on the adjacent line. 
·        Collision between a train and a trolley pushed into the same section in violation of the Block Working rules. 
·    Averted Collision: An averted collision is a circumstances under which, but for the vigilance shown by any person or persons, a collision would have occurred either in the block section or within the station limits between two trains or between a train and an obstruction.

• These collision falls under Al to AS class and Fl to F4 class.

6. Derailment:

When ever a train are vehicle /wagon involved in an accident and whose wheels are gone off the track is known as derailment.

Derailment can be classified into 3 Yard derailment/station derailment, Mid section derailment.

Derailment are classified in accident manual under class D from D1 to D6

Q.17. Write short notes on

a)    Train delayed in mid section

b)    Engine unable to haul the load
c)    Weld failure
d)    Rail breakage
e)    Averted collision.

a)  Train Delayed in Mid Section.

1.    If a passenger carrying train does not arrive within 10 minutes or if a goods train does not arrive within 20 minutes after allowing for its normal running time, the SM shall immediately advise the station in rear and the control of this fact.

2.    Both the SMs shall stop all trains proceeding into the block section on adjacent line/lines and warn the drivers and guards by issuing caution orders and also ascertain the where about of the delayed train.

3.    The SM shall also send a railway servant into the block section to get information regarding the where about of the delayed train.

4.    On double line sections, if there is tunnel in which the train is delayed, the SM shall not allow any train in the opposite direction until he ensures that the line is clear.

5.    The guard of the train carrying passengers, when delayed in the block section for over ten minutes, shall inform the SCOR through portable field telephone, the cause and the probable detention for the train.

6.    The SCOR on receipt of such advice shall immediately alert the stations where ART and MRT are located to keep them in readiness for moving them immediately on receipt of further information, if required.

b)  Engine unable to haul the Load.

The driver of a train at time may feel that the engine is not in a position to haul the load due to the following circumstances:

1.    Stiff gradients

2.    Excess load
3.    Engine defects
4.    Weather conditions.

When driver felt that engine is not in a position to haul the load, he shall bring the train to a stop on a level grade and then:

Firstly protect, secondly inform and finally to clear the block section:

a)    Driver shall inform guard about inability to proceed by whistle code ( 0 0 0 0 )

b)    Train be protected as per G.R. 6.03

c)    Clear the block section by choosing one of the three alternatives viz (i) To push back to the block station in rear (ii) to divided and clear and (iii) to ask for relief engine.


It is of paramount importance that whenever a weld failure is noticed, immediate action is taken to restore the track, if necessary with restricted speed with the least possible delay. The mate/key men /Gagmen, as soon as he notices the weld failure should first protect the track. He should also send information to the PWI and the stationmaster of the nearest station .In the case of weld failure, joggled fish –plates and clamps should be used. After doing the emergency repairs the trains may be passed at 20KMPH by a Mate/Keyman, until the PWI attends.

d) Rail breakage

1.   If a driver realizes, while on run that there is rail breakage he shall stop the train immediately, protect the train and examine. If considered safe, he will proceed. If considered unsafe, Engineering Official has to certify for the passage of trains.

2.    If a Gang mate /Key man/Patrolman detects rail fracture of less than 30 mm gap, he shall show stop hand signals and inform Driver of first train to pass the fracture spot at 10 KMPH and subsequent trains at 15 KMPH.

3.    Driver of the train shall stop his train at the next block station and give memo about the rail fracture.

4.    SM, who receives report from Driver about the rail fracture, shall inform the SM of the station at other end of the block section.

5.    Both the SMs shall arrange to issue caution order to trains to observe SR of 15 KMPH and also advise all concerned.

6.    If the gap is more than 30 mm or in case of multiple fractures, PWM/PWI only is authorized to pass the trains after attending the track.


An averted collision is a circumstance under which, but for the vigilance shown by any person or persons, a collision would have occurred either in the block section or within the station limits between two trains or between a train and an obstruction.

Provided, further, that such an occurrence may not be treated as an Averted Collision.

a)    If, outside the station limits, the distance between the two trains or the train and the obstruction at the time the train or trains have finally come to a stop is 400 metres or more.

b)    If, within the station limits, there is an intervening stop signal at danger governing the moving train and compliance by the moving train with the indication conveyed by the stop signal averted the collision between the trains or between the train and the


Q.18. What are the incentives and Awards provided by Railways for effective implementation of Hindi as official language?

Ans:    Railway Boards Awards

Railway Minister gives this award every year at all India Hindi Week Celebrations. 6to 8 officers/ employees are awarded. Each awardees will be given Rs. 1000/- and a certificate. General Manager’s Award

This award is given by GM every year on the eve of SC Rly’s Hindi Saptah Celebratations. 10 Officers 30 employees will be awarded. Each awardee will be given Rs. 1000/- and a certificate.

Home Ministry’s Award.
Employees   of   all    the    Zones   can   participate    subject   to   the    following   conditions.
Officers/employees working in regions.

‘A’ and ‘B’ Regions.                                                              “C” Region.
For writing minimum 2000                                               for writing minimum 10000 words in
Words in Hindi per year.                                                    Hindi per year.

Awards Given

Two first prizes
Rs. 800/- each
Three second prizes
Rs. 400/- each
Five third prizes
Rs. 300/- each

Rs. 6000/-
60 employees
Rs. 4000/-
40 employees
Rs. 3000/-
30 employees.

Every year these competitions are conducted at Board level and Zonal level and 1st, 2nd and 3rd prizes are given to the winners for each of the above said competitions separately. Board level competitions is conducted in August.

1st prize
Rs. 700
2nd prize
Rs. 600
3rd prize
Rs. 500
Rs. 200)for 5)

1st prize
Rs. 600
2nd prize
Rs. 500
3rd prize
Rs. 400
Rs. 100(for 3)
Training Awards

Officer/Employees  of  Group  A,B,C to  pass  Prabodh/Praveen/Pragy examination  will be
given lumpsum award on passing
Parveen/Prabodh – Rs. 6000                         Pragya – Rs. 800/-

In addition to the above award if they secure the following percentage of amrks addition amount is given.
Prabodh, Praveen & Pragya

70%  or more
Rs. 600
60% or more
Rs. 400
55% of more
Rs. 200

In addition to the above for a period of 12 months an amount equal to the employees increment is also given.

Divisional  Award.

During Railway Hindi Week Celebration Divisional Awards are also given to the Officer/employees who has done commendable work in Hindi, according to the funds available for Hindi implementation scheme.

Q.19. Write short notes on

a) Point indicators

They are necessary – in multiple aspect upper quadrant territory when signal armed home signal is provided and in multiple aspect colour light signaling territory when route indicator is not provided on Home signal or when there are no departure signals or when there is common departure signal.

Point indicator shall show a white target by day or a white light by night in both directions when the points are set for the straight and no target by day and a green light by night in both directions when the points are set for the turn out.

b)Crank Handle

Crank handles are provided at stations where motor operated points are provided. When motor operated points fall crank handles are required to operate the points. They are chained to keys in HKTs which are housed in boxes, padlocked and scaled. A releases button is provided on HKT by pressing by which the key can be taken out. Once this is done, the concerned pressing by which the key can be taken out. Once this is done, the concerned route will get disconnected and signals will refuse to assume off aspect. Crank handles should be used, strictly in accordance SR 3.38 whenever points are operated by crank handle they should be clamped and padlocked. A crank handle Register should be maintained giving particulars of its use. After the failure is rectified the crank handle must be restored in the Box and HKT key inserted in the HKT and turn fully to the right ‘Key in” indication appears on the panel. The box should be then be locked and sealed.


It is a time saving electrical arrangement for transmitting keys over long distances. A cast iron case with an indicating needle and a key hole is kept at both the places concerned. One of the key remains locked in one of those instruments at one time. If ‘A’ wants to transmit the key to ‘B’ he will insert it in the key hold of the transmitter and turn it in the clock wise direction. This causes both the needles deflect and a bell to ring at “b”, “b” will then turn the key at his end in the anti clock wise direction and take it out. This stops the bell and bring the indicators to normal. “A’ leaves the key in the transmitter which gets locked up ‘B’ will return the key to ‘A’ after the work by repeating the procedure. HKT is useful in interlocking a number of outside siding points, gates, slip siding etc with reception or dispatch signals. It is also used to connect LSS with the block instrument.

Q.20. Write short notes on

a)All right signal
b)Banner flag
b)  Detonators

ANS - 

a)All right signal

1.The Driver and the Guard of a train shall, while running through a station, look out for and, except under special instructions, acknowledge the ‘all-right’ signals which the Station Master and such other staff at the station as may be specified by special instructions shall give if the train is proceeding in a safe and proper manner. If the train is not proceeding in a safe and proper manner, the Station Master or the other staff shall exhibit a Stop hand signal on receipt of which the Guard and the Driver shall take immediate steps to stop the train.

1.1. The ‘all-right’ signal is given by holding out the green flag horizontally by day and by waving the green light horizontally by night. This signal shall normally be exchanged on the platform side unless the track is on a curve and signals cannot be seen from that side. When a train starts after stopping outside the station limits, the signals shall be exchanged on the left hand side, unless the track is on a right hand curve, in which case signals shall be exchanged from the other side.

1.2. The Driver may depute the Assistant Driver to exchange ‘all-right’ signals on his behalf.

2.  Exchange of  ‘all-right’ signals between the Guard and the Driver.

To ensure that the Guard is in his brake-van and that the train can proceed, ‘all-right’ signals shall be exchanged between the Guard and the Driver as detailed below .––

2.1. When a train starts after stopping at a station.

2.2 When a train starts after stopping between stations.

2.3. When a train runs through a station.

2.4. While passing through ghat section.

2.5. When approaching important girder bridges.

Banner flag

A banner flag is a temporary fixed danger signal, consisting of a red cloth supported at each end on a post and stretched across the line to which it refer. Banner flag shall not be less than 150 centimeters long and 45 centimeters wife. The shall be stretched across the track on poles not less the 1.5 metres high at an adequate distance from the stop which they are intended to protect.


Detonating signals otherwise know as detonators or fog signals, are appliances which are fixed on the rails and when an engine or a vehicle passes over them, the explode with a loud report so as to attract the attention of the driver.

Q.21.  How will you receive a train on obstructed line?

In case of reception of a train on to an obstructed line, the SM shall:

wherever possible, intimate the Driver through the SM in rear about the reception of train on obstructed line.

Keep the reception signals on ‘ON’

Ensure that all points leading to the said line are correctly set and facing points are clamped and padlocked when received on authority T 509 or one signal post telephone.

After stopping the train at the relevant stop signal, it may be received by authorizing the driver to pass the stop signal at ‘ON’

By taking off the calling on signal, if provided, or

By authorizing to pass the signal at ON duly giving a P.N through telephone on the signal post, if provided or

By delivering a written authority ( T/509) and piloting it.

Stop the train at the facing point leading to the obstructed line and hand signal forward by a competent railway servant.Show stop hand signal at a distance of 45 mts from the obstruction. The Driver shall keep his train well under control and be prepared to stop short of any obstruction

Q.22. Procedure for stabling of train on running line

Stabling of trains on running line at stations

Vehicles detached from a train shall not be allowed on a running line for a longer period that absolutely necessary

They shall be coupled together and all the necessary hand brakes of vehicles and brake van to be applied.

Vehicles not provided with hand brakes shall be secured by chains.

At night, the side and tail lamp of coaching vehicles at both ends shall be switched ON. If not, fix hand signal lamp showing red at both ends. In case of goods vehicle berthed on main line tail lamps, f available, duly lit, shall be fixed at both ends during night time.

Red ink entry shall be made in TSR

The SM shall advise and exchange private numbers with cabin ASMs when running line is occupied and cleared.

The occupation of running lines shall be recorded in the station diary at the time of handing over and taking over charge.

be stabled on non – running lines or on lines which are isolated from other running lines.

When the track machine is stabled on a running line due to unavoidable circumstances, the mechanical had brake shall be applied and the machine shall be securely chained to the rails. ( SR )

Q.23. What are the occasions when caution order is issued

1. Circumstances under which Caution Orders are to be issued:
1.1.   When engineering works or repairs are undertaken inside or outside station limits.
1.2.   When unusually slack or rough running or heavy lurch is reported by the Driver.

1.3     When any Patrolman does not report at the time at which he is due.
1.4    Unsafe condition of the bunds of tanks or rivers.
1.5     when water level rises over the danger level marked at bridges.
1.6    when emergency patrols are put on.

1.7    When there is doubt or suspicion from the condition of run through passing train or observations made, that the block section in rear might have been affected or obstructed during the passage of the train.

1.8.   On sections where bell and /or telephone communications have been provided between level crossing gate (outside FSS) and either of the two stations of the block section, if the Gateman’s acknowledgement is not received for a train to enter the block section from either end.

1.9.   Lorry on line.

1.10. Trolley on line on the specified sections notified in SR. 15.26. 2.1
1.11. When a signal is newly erected or recited.

1.12. Any other condition or circumstance which may require the issue of a Caution Order or Caution Order issued under local or special instructions.

Q.24. What is weather warning message and the action taken by SM after receiving the same?

ANS - Weather warning message is a message received from Meteorological Department  or weather
forecast made by All India Radio/Television,
When Weather warnings are issued
a)    When rainfall is likely to exceed 5 cms in 24 hours ( limit of rainfall)
b)    When wind velocity is likely to exceed 65 KMPH ( limit for wind speed)

ii)     convey the weather warning message to the AND/Section Engineer/P.Way/Gangmate.

iii)    Inform nominated patrolmen at the station.
iv)   Maintain continuous record of message in a register.
v)    Obtain acknowledgement about delivery of message in the register.

vi)   Detain a train in case of heavy cyclonic storm when there is doubt or safety of train in consultation with Driver and guard

vii)  Refuse line clear for any incoming traim under above circumstances.

Q.25. What are Hand signals used while performing shunting

Ans  -     Hand signals used for shunting

[a] Indication: Move away from the person signaling.
How given by day: By a green flag or one arm moved slowly up and down.
How given by night: By a green light moved slowly up and down.
[b] Indication: Move towards the person signaling.
How given by day: By a green flag or one arm moved from side to side across the body.

How given by night: By a green light moved from side to side across the body.

Note: The hand signals for move away from the person signaling and move towards the person signaling shall be displayed slower and slower, until the stop hand signal is given if it is desired to stop.

[c] Indication: Move slowly for coupling.

How given by day: By a green and flag held above the head or both hands raised over the head and moved towards and away from each other.

How given by night: By a green light held above the head and moved by twisting the wrist

Q.26. Define:

a.    Station

Station’ means, any place ON a line of railway at which traffic is dealt with or at which an authority to proceed is given under the system of working.

b.    Day  ‘Day’ means from sunrise to sunset.

c.    Line Clear

Line clear’ means the permission given from a block station to a block station in rear for a train to leave the latter and approach the former, or the permission obtained by a block station from a block station in advance for a train to leave the former and proceed towards the latter
 d.    Act. ‘Act’ means the Railways Act, 1989 (24 of 1989) 

Q.27. Write Short notes on

a)  Marshalling of wagons containing explosives
b)  Marshalling of SLRs
c) Marshalling of dead engines
d)  Marshalling of wagons containing Petroleum and other inflammable liquids

a) Marshalling of wagons containing explosives:

a)      Maximum number of such wagons allowed by goods trains are five, by mixed or Parcel trains are three.

      b)      They shall be separated by dummy wagons as follows: Not less than three dummy wagons from steam engine, B/Van, Passenger coaches, wagons containing dangerous goods. or inflammable articles.

         c)      They shall be coupled close by each other as well as other wagons.

b)  Marshalling of SLRs:

a)      SLRs shall be at the extreme end of the formation of the train. I.e. next to the engine and rear most.

b)      Maximum of 2 coaches may be attached in rear of SLR of Express trains. A saloon can be an additional coach.

c)      Passenger trains also follow the stipulations described in para (b); on short distance passenger trains SLR can be in the middle of the composition and three coaches are permitted in the rear of SLR.

c)            Dead Engines:

a)      If permitted it can be next to train engine.

b)      If not permitted next to train engine six guard wagons must intervene between dead engine and any other engine.

c)      Two and more than two dead engines are permitted by a same train.

d)      Dead engine shall not be the last vehicle of the train.
                    d)            Wagons containing petroleum and other inflammable liquids.
1.     No limit as regards to the number of such wagons.
2.     Must be coupled closely.
3.     Guard wagons: Class A

a.    From engine, passenger coaches or brake van and other wagons containing explosives, dangerous goods and inflammable articles not less than three

b.    Electrical/diesel engines –not less than one.

Class B.

1.    This wagon should be separated from Electric/Diesel Loc, B/Van, Pass coach by one dummy wagon.

2.    Compressed and liquefied gases by two wagons.
3.    Explosives by three wagons.